*JEFF WRANA

A Novel Platform Combining Transcriptomics and Interaction Proteomics to Better Define Personalized Medicine in Cancer

Challenge: In the last decade, cancer genomics has shown that not all patient tumours are identical, and conversely that they will not respond similarly to anticancer agents. The key, therefore, is personalized (or precision) medicine whereby specific drugs will be given to a patient carrying a gene that will make their tumours sensitive to such drugs.
However, the identification of genes expressing proteins that could represent therapeutic targets still remains elusive in many cancers. 
Solution: The team developed quantitative Transcriptome and Affinity-Proteomics (qTAP), a transformative diagnostic platform that integrates quantitative interaction proteomics with whole transcriptomics to provide a global view of an individual patient’s tumour. The platform allows the analysis of the human protein network, providing a functional 3D view of protein-protein interactions in patient tumours. Such molecular information will make it possible to identify drugs that are most effective at treating
specific cancers. As a proof of concept, the team used this technology to identify candidate peptides to inhibit important nodes of the Smurf and Hippo signaling pathways, which are involved in multiple drug resistance in cancer.Achievements/Impact: At completion of the project, the team successfully provided tools to analyze and probe patient tumors, including (i) affinity-purified mass spectrometry (AP-MS)-based proteomics strategies to map the dynamic state of signaling networks in vivo and (ii) qTAP to instruct single and combined targeted therapeutic strategies. The project also led to the identification of small molecule antagonists for the morphogen pathways, Smurf and Hippo pathways, that could be further investigated.
These technologies offer new avenues for the discovery of novel therapeutic targets for treating patients whose tumors fail to respond to existing therapies and understanding the drug resistance mechanisms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal Investigator:

Jeff Wrana
LTRI, Mount Sinai
Hospital

Co-Investigators:

Anne-Claude Gingras,
Alexandre Zlotta

LTRI, Mount Sinai
Hospital

Andrei Yudin
University of Toronto

Andrew Roughton
Encycle Therapeutics Inc.

Azar Azad
Mount Sinai Hospital
Services

Completed Project
$1,030,000 / 2 years
 

Supported by CQDM
through:
• Merck
• Pfizer
• BL-NCE

And by co-founding partners:
• CIHR
• Encycle Therapeutics Inc.
• Mount Sinai Hospital
Services